Sanskrit Lesson 4 – Plural

Hey, we’ve so far looked at only singular nouns in the first 3 lessons. In this lesson, we will introduce plural nouns.

Let’s look at a few examples:

Singular: He goes to school. = सः विद्यालयम् गच्छति |
Plural: They go to school. = ते विद्यालयम् गच्छन्ति |

Singular: I will eat. = अहं खादिष्यामि |
Plural: We will eat. =  वयं खादिष्यामः |

Singular: You play. = त्वं क्रीडसि |
Plural: You play. = यूयं क्रीडथ |

Singular in Sanskrit is called एकवचन; plural is divided into these categories:  excatly two (द्विवचन), and more than two (बहुवचन). We’ve seen एकवचन and बहुवचन.

Other examples:

We read (present tense) = वयं पठामः |
We will read = वयं पठिष्यामः |
We read (past tense). = वयं अपठाम|

They (masculine) go to the playground. = ते क्रीडाक्षेत्रम् गच्छन्ति |

They (feminine) run. = ताः धावन्ति |

Deer (plural) run. = मृगाः धावन्ति |

New verb: to run = धाव्.

New noun: deer (singular) = मृगः


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