Sanskrit Lesson 2 – Future Tense

This will introduce future tense. This is really simple if one knows the present tense.

For instance,  “I read” gets translated as   अहं पठामि, while “I will read” gets translated as “अहं पठिष्यामि”.

Similarly, You read = त्वं पठसि |   and    You will read = त्वं पठिष्यसि |

He/she reads =  सः/सा पठति |     and     He/she will read = सः/सा पठिष्यति |

I eat.     =    अहं खादामि |     and     I will eat = अहं खादिष्यामि |

Other examples:

I read a book.  =   अहं पुस्तकं पठामि |   and    I will read a book.  =  अहं पुस्तकं पठिष्यामि |

He/she eats food.  =   सः/सा भोजनं खादति |    and  He/she will eat food = सः/सा भोजनं खादिष्यति |

So, future tense was actually simple, wasn’t it?

5 Responses to Sanskrit Lesson 2 – Future Tense

  1. Srividya says:

    Sa is He. Saa is She. Please correct in your post(s).

  2. Karthik says:

    खाद धातु is actually an import from hindi like खेल धातु. Use भक्ष धातु (for eating) and क्रीड (for playing).. this is purer sanskrit

  3. Karthik says:

    Also add that this is future tense in active voice.. also for your past post.. katru vachya.. coz karm vachya (which is very frequently used in sanskrit literature) is different.

  4. tkramesh says:

    hey…thanks for the advice…In later posts ill discuss these- active and passive.

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